vendredi 4 octobre 2013

How can ICT and social media are considered as drivers of multiactor innovation in agriculture



Andrea_Jimenez submit today a documents presenting how innovation is defined, and introduces the three factors, on which  innovation should be based: Software, hardware and ‘orgware’. As background information for an evaluation of these factors the conceptual framework of socio-technical networks,  innovation and learning processes in relation to ICT is described. Various types of software  tools have been evaluated for the survey, and it is shown that already today there is a  multitude of ICT and social media tools, which can be used in the agricultural sector for  knowledge sharing and innovation. Further, it is described what they offer and how they differ from each other. Some examples of successful use of various types of ICT tools in the  agricultural sector have been identified, and also some which are expected to be successful,  but which are not widely used today.  The survey has not been able to identify any successful examples of use of software (social  networks and ICT tools) for innovation processes in the agricultural sector, but such examples  have been identified for other business sectors. These examples have shown that especially  the ICT tool, ‘crowdsourcing’ has proved to be a promising tool in innovation processes, but its  value depends on the complexity of the subject.  Hardware (PCs, tablets, smart phones and mobile phones plus broadband connection) is a  prerequisite for an effective communication. There are considerable differences in the access  to and speed of the broadband connections and the price for the use of it in different regions of  the EU, with the northern and western countries generally having better access and speed and  lower prices for internet connection than the eastern and southern countries. Some of the barriers relating to hardware may be overcome by time, while others will have to be solved by  investments in infrastructure.  As regards ‘orgware’, i.e. the capacity building of the different institutional actors involved in  the adaptation process of a new technology by networking, the role of the internet in  communication and collaboration processes by providing platforms for the development of  virtual communities has been described. Furthermore, examples are presented on how the  successful/promising examples of use of ICT tools in the agricultural sector fits into the theory.  Finally some important barriers for the development and uptake of ICT for knowledge sharing  and innovation in the agricultural sector are presented together with recommendations on how  to overcome them. The report is based on analyses presented in more detail in 3 appendices  on software, hardware and ‘orgware’, respectively.  
You are rural development actor and want to be involved with ICT, social media for rural development, read the full document here